amazing article!! Mausoleum of Dost Mohammad Khan is located near Gandhi Medical College in Bhopal YAR MOHAMMAD KHAN (1710-1742) Six years later, Dost died and his son, Yar Mohammad, became the second Nawab at 18. Nizam Shah, the strongest of the local Gond warlords, ruled his territory from the Ginnor fort (Ginnorgarh in the present-day Sehore district). Waltraud Ernst, Biswamoy Pati, ed (2007). Dost Mohammad … [9] Dost also prevented the Maratha invasions by regularly paying them chauth (tribute). All these powers made such claims mainly through proxies (such as the local chieftains), although they did engage in occasional punitive raids when the local chiefs refused to pay the tribute demanded by them. Dept. It is said that he had 30 wounds on his body from the various fights and battles he had participated in. Being a Hindu, he helped Dost win over the local population. Dost Muhammad Khan Bahadur, Founder of Bhopal State The State of Bhopal was established by Dost Mohammad Khan (1672–1728), a pashtun soldier in the Mughal Army . This picture undoubtedly comes from a book circa 19th or 20th century. Historians have debated the reason for Khan's loyalty: some say he was enchanted with Kamlapati's charm and beauty; others think that he believed in keeping his word to women (he had been loyal to the Rani of Mangalgarh till her death as well). [1] He founded the modern city of Bhopal, the capital of the Madhya Pradesh state. When confronted, he said that he believed that Khan had died in the battle with the Mughals. Khan declared his loyalty to the Sayyid Brothers, but refused the offer, because he did not want to leave Malwa. [15] Khan was tasked with protecting the dowager Rani (queen) and her estate. [12] Dost also conquered the other adjoining Rajput territories such as Khichiwara and Umatwara.[18]. Dost Mohammad Khan’s son ruled for some years but died leaving two young and unambitious sons. Mullah Jamali had left Pushtunistan, and had founded a madrasa (Muslim school) in Delhi. He and the other Pathans who settled in Bhopal during his reign, brought the Pathan and Islamic influence to the culture and architecture of Bhopal. The Bhopal State later became a protectorate of the British India, and was ruled by the descendents of Dost Mohammad Khan till 1949, when it was merged into the newly independent Union of India. Sent as a hostage to Nizam ul-Mulk 1724-1728. He married several times, but only few of his wives have been chronicled. Around 1672 in Tirah, a small village lying in the tribal area on the border of today’s Pakistan and Afganistan, a son was born to a pathan noble man Sardar Nur Mohammad Khan and was named Dost. By luck he found Mullah Jamali there, who was his Quran tutor at Tirah. Please contact the developer of this form processor to improve this message. At its zenith, the Bhopal state comprised a territory of around 7,000 square miles (18,000 km2). It never fell to an enemy, and as late as 1880, the city was mainly confined to this fort. The Rajput neighbors of Mangalgarh, led by the Thakur (chief) of Parason (now a village in Berasia tehsil), formed an alliance to counter the growing power of the Rani of Mangalgarh. List of rulers of Bhopal Nawabs of Bhopal. According to the Khan's rozanmacha (daily diary), Aurangzeb was impressed by him, presented him with two fistful of gold coins, and asked Fazlullah to treat him well and give him an appropriate command. Dost Mohammad Khan was born in the Tirah region on the western frontier of the Mughal Empire (now in Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Pakistan). After the death of Raja of Mangalgarh, his mother appointed Dost mukhtar (guardian) of Mngalgarh fort around 1708. Dost Mohammad Khan was survived by 5 daughters and 6 sons (Yar, Sultan, Sadar, Fazil, Wasil and Khan Bahadur). Learn More{{/message}}, © 2021 Bhopale.com - All Rights Reserved. In her letter, Bharti said Dost Mohammed Khan, the founder of the state of Bhopal, had killed his friendly kings at Halali, where water of the nearby river had turned red due to their blood. He encouraged several scholars, hakeems (doctors) and artists to settle in Bhopal. "Journal of Indian history". Dost wriggled free and mounting the elephant, decapitated Kashko Khan. However, he allied himself with the Mughal Court controlled by the Sayyid Brothers, with whom he had developed a close friendship.[9]. Shortly after Dost Mohammad Khan's return to Mangalgarh, the dowager Rani (queen) of the principality died heirless. However, Dost Mohammad Khan got his cousin murdered. During the festival of Holi, the Thakur insisted on a truce for celebrations. Islamnagar is a panchayat village in the Bhopal district of Madhya Pradesh, India. This picture undoubtedly comes from a book circa 19th or 20th century. The state was established in 1724 by the Afghan Sardar Dost Mohammed Khan, who was a commander in the Mughal army posted at Mangalgarh, which lies to the north of the modern city of Bhopal. Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, File:Map of Bhopal State (1949-1956) showing development activities.jpg, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/64172/Bhopal/280107/History?anchor=ref84367, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Dost_Mohammad_of_Bhopal?oldid=5305928. The hostility between Sayyid Brothers and the rival nobleman Nizam-ul-Mulk had been growing in the recent years. Several local chieftains (jagirdars and zamindars) accepted his suzerainty without putting up a fight. He rapidly rose through the ranks, and was assigned to the Malwa province in central India. Your email address will not be published. Dost Mohammad Khan, Nawab of Bhopal-cropped.jpg 969 × 965; 251 KB Dost Mohammad Khan, Nawab of Bhopal.jpg 1,412 × 1,777; 562 KB Inside golghar Bhopal.jpg 3,000 × 4,500; 4.04 MB A few months later, Khan defeated Diye Bahadur with his newly raised force.[9]. Around 1709, Dost took on lease Berasia, a small rented estate, about 22 miles north of Bhopal from Taj Mohammad Khan, for an annual payment of 30,000 rupees. Dost Mohammad Khan was well-aware of the power of Nizam-ul-Mulk, who was the Subahdar (Governor) of Malwa; he had seen his strong force passing through Bhopal on its way to Deccan in the south. Dost Mohammad is on Facebook. In 1709, Dost Mohammad Khan decided to build a feudal estate of his own. Emperor Farrukhsiyar conferred on him the title Nawab Diler Jung, probably on the recommendation of the Sayyid Brothers. At the time of Kamlapati's death, Bhopal was a village of about 1000 people, to the south of Islamnagar. It suffered from anarchy and lawlessness due to regular attacks from highwaymen and plunderers. He admonished his brother Aqil for desecreating a Buddhist statue in Sanchi. This money was borrowed from Fatah bibi, as was the ranson money that had to be paid to Dosts own mutinous soldiers who imprisoned him during a unsucessful raid on Gujrat. DOST MOHAMMAD KHAN (1672-1728) Now I mentioned this name before, Dost Mohammad Khan. Dost Muhammad erected a fort at `Ali Masjid at the o… Diye Bahadur offered Khan a position in his own forces, but Khan declined, while expressing gratitude for Bahadur's kindness. Sikandar Begam (Nawab of Bhopal) and C. B. Willoughby-Osborne (1870). He was well-treated by the Rajputs, and was presented before Diye Bahadur after recuperating from his wounds. In her letter, Ms Bharti said Dost Mohammed Khan, the founder of the state of Bhopal, had killed his friendly kings at Halali, where water of the nearby river had turned red due to their blood. Police Bhopal, Fiza's HOME Catering, All India Pukhtoon Community, Alam Khurshid, DhaakkadSamachar, Dr. Israr Ahmad‎‎, ... Dost Mohammad Khan. Defeated and wounded in the ensuing battle, he ended up helping an injured Sayyid Hussain Ali Khan Barha, one of the Sayyid Brothers. at Hyderabad. After the death of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, the Malwa territory was claimed by the Marathas and some kings of Rajputana, in addition to the Mughals. [32], Bhopal State after merger with the Union of India, In his final years, which saw his humiliation at the hands of the Nizam, Khan's aggression had mellowed down considerably. He waged battles to annex several territories, losing two of his brothers in the fights. Dost Muhammad Khan Bahadur, Founder of Bhopal State. Khan spent around a year in Delhi under Mullah Jamali's shelter, after which he decided to join the Mughal army. Khan's support to the Sayyid Brothers earned him the enmity of the rival Mughal nobleman Nizam-ul-Mulk. Dost realized that in order to survive, he required his own family members to support and surround him. He and about 50 of his Afghan kinsmen became hired guns or mercenaries, fighting for any body who paid him the money. [20] Khan remained loyal to the Rani and her son Nawal Shah till her death. However, Khan refused to side with either of them, saying that he could not raise his sword against any of his sons since he had taken an oath of being loyal to the late Emperor. He was met at Gwalior by the army of Tardi Beg lead by the fearsome general Kashko Khan. Dost Mohammad Khan ruled his state from his capital at Islamnagar. [6], Khan sided with the local Rajput chiefs of Malwa in a rebellion against the Mughal empire. It is said that he had 30 wounds on his body from the various fights and battles he had participated in. She was famous for her beauty and talents: the local legends describe her as more beautiful than a pari (fairy). In 1715, Khan ran in conflict with another neighboring Rajput chief, Narsingh Rao Chauhan (also known as Narsingh Deora), who owned the fortified village of Jagdishpur near Berasia. All these powers made such claims mainly through proxies (such as the local chieftains), although they did engage in occasional punitive raids when the local chiefs refused to pay the tribute demanded by them. [9] Dost Mohammad Khan and his family gradually started using Bhopal as their main bastion, though Islamnagar still remained the official capital of his state. [9], Dost Mohammad Khan also tried to gain some territories in Gujarat, but was unsuccessful. [13] While waiting in front of a bakery to steal some food, he was recognized by the old clergyman Mullah Jamali of Kashgar, who had taught him Koran in Tirah. The foundation of the fort was laid on 30 August 1723. [5] He was buried in the Fatehgarh Fort beside his wife Fatah Bibi. A badly wounded Khan, who had lost one of his brothers in the battle, was taken prisoner. Please contact the developer of this form processor to improve this message. In his mid-20s, Dost Mohammad Khan was engaged to Mehraj Bibi, an attractive girl from a neighboring Orakzai clan. Dost Mohammad Khan Bhopal January 10, 2007 November 23, 2015 by bhopale During the turbulent times following Aurangazeb’s death, a force was sent from Delhi to quell the Rajput rebellion that was taking place in Malwa. This resulted in construction of Fatehgarh fort, named after Fatah Bibi. [17] The lease involved an annual payment of 30,000 rupees, which he was able to pay with help of his wife Fatah Bibi, who belonged to the Mangalgarh royal family. After the Rajas's death at Delhi, she appointed him the kamdar or mukhtar ("guardian") of Mangalgarh, around 1708. These chieftains included the Raja Reshb Das (1695–1748) of Sitamau, Mohammad Farooq (Governor of Bhilsa), Diye Bahadur (the Mughal Deputy Governor of Malwa) and Raja Anand Singh Solanki of Mangalgarh. [9], When the Mughal soldiers arrived to rescue Sayyid Hussain Ali, Dost Mohammad Khan was also rescued as a reward for his kindness in offering water to the injured Mughal nobleman. In 1836 Hari Singh Nalva, the Sikh general who along with Prince Nau Nihal Singh was guarding that frontier, built a chain of forts, including one at Jamrud at the eastern end of the Khyber Passto defend the pass. Khan's father, Mehraj Bibi (his wife – the girl he was engaged to in Tirah) and his five brothers arrived in Berasia in 1712, with around 50 tribesmen of the Mirazikhel. After his death, in 1709 AD, Dost Mohammad Khan established his own kingdom in the form of Bhopal state. Previous Posts: Dost Mohammad Khan – I and II. However, true to his nature, Dost killed one of Jalal Khan’s son after a quarrel over a young house maiden. [9], Attracted by the promise of a bright future in the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb's service, Khan set out for Jalalabad, near Delhi, where his Pashtun relatives had settled. Dost Mohammad Khan's son Yar Mohammad received from Nizam-ul-Mulk the insignia of the Maha Muratib (the dignity of the Fish). At the time of Kamlapati’s death, Bhopal was a village in the Gond Kingdom. He was buried in the Fatehgarh Fort beside his wife Fatah Bibi. One day, during a shikar (hunting) trip, Dost Mohammad Khan and his wife Fatah Bibi decided to rest in the Bhopal village. Khan also provided mercenary services to the Rani Kamlapati, the ruler of a small Gond kingdom, and received the territory of Bhopal (then a small village) in lieu of payment. After the death of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, the Malwa territory was claimed by the Marathas and some kings of Rajputana, in addition to the Mughals. Khan accepted the offer, and Kamlapati tied a rakhi on his wrist (traditionally tied by a sister on her brother's hand). The dowager mother of the Raja had taken a great liking to Dost Mohammad Khan. The house of Bhopal descends from Dost Mohammad Khan, an Afghan adventurer and cunning intriguer, who belonged to the Mirzai (or Mirazi) sept of the Orakzai (Warakzai) clan of Tirah, an area which today straddles the Af-Pak border. [7] Kamlapati offered Dost Mohammad Khan a hundred thousand rupees to protect her honor and her kingdom, and to avenge her husband's death. [23], Khan also seized control of several territories in Ashta, Debipura, Doraha, Gulgaon, Gyaraspur, Ichhawar, Sehore and Shujalpur. Dost initially feigned allegiance to the Rani's son Nawal Shah, who controlled the Ginnor fort, and was invited to live in the fort. Ginnor was considered an impregnable fort, located at the summit of a steep 2000-foot high rock, and surrounded by thick forest. Khan violated the truce and raided the enemy camp at night, defeating the Rajput chieftains decisively. Bhopal Founder Dost Mohammad Khan headed for Jalalabad , and found his kins men at a suburb of Jalalbad, called Lohari (Lohari/Jalalabad are todays Thana-Ghaon in Sharanpur district of todays Uttar Pradesh, about 30 miles south of Sharanpur and 20 miles east of Deoband). He also paid a tribute of ten lakh (one million) rupees with a promise to pay a second installment later. [9] In return, Khan conveyed his loyalty to the Emperor. After the death of the emperor Aurangzeb, Khan started providing mercenary services to several local chieftains in the politically unstable Malwa region. This man later turned out to be Sayyid Hussain Ali Khan Barha, the younger of the Sayyid Brothers. {{#message}}{{{message}}}{{/message}}{{^message}}Your submission failed. 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