The only exception is “yet again,” specifically when we decide to bring it at the beginning of a sentence. There may be style guides that say you shouldn't add a comma after British Columbia. “ If, then” statements require commas to separate the two clauses that result. Normally, the last item in the series is preceded by … A comma splice occurs when two independent clauses are joined together using only a comma. Get a clear picture of when to use commas by exploring their usage through examples. Don’t use a comma before the conjunction when the second clause can’t stand alone. a. Adding the comma did not change the meaning of any words in the sentence except for one: as. © Constant Content (A Division of Moresby Media Inc.) 2020, Gary Vee’s Insights on Successful Social Media Marketing in 2020, Content Marketing Hacks: How to Revamp Old Content to Boost Your Google Rankings, The Future of Marketing: 5 Key Facts to Stay Ahead of the Game in 2020, Getting Audience Attention: Gary Vaynerchuk Marketing Hacks 2020, Gary Vee: Marketing in 2020—Why Volume of Content Matters. But if the phrase is longer than four words, use a comma. Use a Comma After an Introductory Word or Phrase. As you may have noticed, the answer is predominantly no. In these instances, don’t use a comma to separate the phrase from the subject that it renames. Well is an introductory word that a comma should separate from the rest of the sentence. Our blog is about content marketing and copywriting. Introductory phrase: While getting ready for bed, Susan heard a knock at the door. There are several uses of the comma that can best be described as conventional or mechanical. I had the money, I would go to Krakow for vacation. While we don't normally use a comma before a clause beginning with "because," we should in this case since the comma … It was a short, simple film. The award-winning teacher, Mrs. Becky Armstrong, was honored at graduation for her impact on students’ lives. For example, the highlighted phrase in the sentence below is an appositive phrase because it renames the subject: There are two types of appositive phrases: restrictive and nonrestrictive. “If, then” statements require commas to separate the two clauses that result. I personally think this is … If you omit the comma after 'that' in those sentences, … The example appositive phrase above is nonrestrictive because the sentence still makes sense without the phrase; it just doesn’t include as much information. A restrictive appositive phrase is one that is necessary to the meaning of the sentence. You are not putting a comma after is per se; you are bracketing the if-clause with commas. Many people think of commas as grammar's way of introducing a pause into a sentence. The rules regarding commas after introductory phrases are complex, but with practice, applying them will become instinctual. Numbers. If the speaker had said "My thought is that if… there would be no need for a comma before if , … Proper grammar usage is an important part of writing, whether you are creating long-form content or short social media posts. Also notice that in this sentence from before-- But even if a male dog is neutered, he remains a he. 😀, But then he “would have brought me a new bike”. Use a comma before the conjunction when the sentence halves can stand alone. Even when the statement drops the word then, a comma must be used. So if one abbreviates the “that is” by the “i.e.”, then meaning-wise the sentence ought to require the use of the comma before “i.e.”; the only question is whether the periods that punctuate it as an abbreviation suffice for the purpose of the comma following it. There is some leeway with prepositional phrases. Suggest to take a look at the various (correct) ways of using a comma, as described in the Oxford Dictionaries. 3. “Yet” as an adverb fits seamlessly into a sentence, and there is no reason to separate from the rest of the sentence using a comma. That comma after three is no more necessary than it is in the sentence about the Dachshunds. Before the movie starts let’s get some popcorn. When it comes to using the word so, the rule of thumb is that if it begins your independent clause, there should be a comma. If I use correct punctuation, then I will include commas where necessary. Does “yet” the adverb need a comma. Example: I will visit the Tower if I go to London. When an introductory prepositional phrase is very short (less than four words), the comma is usually optional. Introductory clause: After the meeting was over, the staff was exhausted. Commas with Conditional Sentences - Writing English. An introductory phrase is like a clause, but it doesn’t have its own subject and verb; it relies on the subject and verb in the main clause. Of all the punctuation marks in English, this one is perhaps the most abused and misused. Use a comma to indicate a short pause in a sentence. During the production of the film, the director nearly quit. Season’s Greetings or Seasons Greetings and 3 More Confusing Holiday Terms, Happy New Year, New Year’s, or New Years? You have been successfully subscribed to the Grammarly blog. Comma rules can be confusing. Because her alarm clock was broken, she was late for class. Writing, grammar, and communication tips for your inbox. But Santa Clause is real! When you use an introductory phrase in your writing, you’re signaling to the reader that the central message of the sentence is yet to come. Example: If I go to London, I will visit the Tower. Sometimes a comma is necessary after an introductory phrase. Hillary Clinton wins the election in 2008. she will become the first female president. Santa Clause was real, he would bring me a new bike. Even when the statement drops the word then, a comma must be used. Shouldn’t it be: If Santa Clause (ha, ha) WERE real? The sentence below, however, contains a restrictive appositive: In this case, the appositive is restrictive because it is necessary for the reader to know which opera singer had myopia. Dates sometimes crop up in the middle of sentences. Here’s a tip: Commas can be tricky, but they don’t have to trip you up. ”Rather” in constructions ”Or rather” The phrase “or rather” is preceded by a comma, and it along with the phrase or clause adjoined to it may be followed by a comma or a period, depending on where it is in the sentence. Commas—sometimes paired with semicolons—are traditionally used to set off adverbs such as however, therefore, and indeed. Is it grammatically correct to put a comma before "and"? During the production of the film the director nearly quit. The use or omission of the comma is well established, and writers need only to apply the rules. While I was eating, the cat scratched at the door. There are several types of introductory phrases, including prepositional phrases and appositive phrases. This means use a comma after a participial phrase, an absolute phrase, an infinitive phrase, and a prepositional phrase. If you omit the first word, the sentence means exactly the same thing. Two of the most common style guides, however, give guidance that a comma should be added. There are lots of rules about comma usage, and often the factors that determine whether you should use one are quite subtle. 😉. A nonrestrictive appositive phrase isn’t necessary but simply adds information to the sentence. You don’t have to include the comma with short prepositional phrases (three words or fewer). In the examples below, the introductory phrase contains two prepositional phrases: “during the production” and “of the film.”. However, if it is at the beginning of a dependent clause, you can skip the comma. If you follow such a guide, then don't add a comma. The only reason that there is a comma after the word “but” is because of the interrupter that comes after it. For two adjectives, use a comma where you could use "and". -- there is no comma immediately after "But." And it’s no wonder. Considering this, is there a comma after that? She hated going to the dentist, and, she cried the whole way there. Examples: Use a comma after the conjunction when it is followed by an interruption. I don’t think there needs to be a hard and fast rule. Wrong: She hated going to the … If Hillary Clinton wins the election in 2008, then she will become the first female president. (Why so “tense”, Santa? How to Wish Someone Well in 2020, How to Write Right After You’ve Swiped Right, Why Grammar Matters in Your Content Marketing. Click to see full answer. Sometimes, a restrictive appositive phrase acts as an introductory phrase. When the introductory phrase is a restrictive appositive phrase, don’t use a comma to separate it from the main clause. Try switching out the word so with either therefore or so that. Common starter words for introductory clauses that should be followed by a comma include after, although, as, because, if, since, when, while. Appositives act as synonyms for a … Reply. Sometimes a comma is necessary after an introductory phrase. 1. (Although I'm not aware of any.) Consider the below examples of sentences containing properly placed and omitted commas: When your introductory phrase actually contains two prepositional phrases, it’s best to use a comma. Use commas in a series of three or more items. Other times, the comma is optional, and there are also times when a comma should not be used. Still unsure if you should use a comma? Posts include a range of topics, from content tips and practical writing advice to the latest SEO and content distribution techniques. The correct commas after date rule is based on what type of date is used in the sentence. When the adverb is essential to the meaning of the clause, or if no pause is intended or desired, commas are not needed. That makes WAS correct! In sentences with the structure of our example, if there is no comma before as, then as means “in the way that” or “while.” When you insert a comma before as, its meaning changes to “because.” This comma is more important than the comma after "hopefully." Using a Comma after an Interjection Commas can be used to offset interjections (e.g., "yes," "indeed," "absolutely"). There would be a pause after "right," and that's where you put the comma. Ah, the comma. If you would like the reader to briefly pause … If I had the money, I would go to Krakow for vacation. Rule 4: If a Sentence Begins With a Dependent Clause, Use a Comma After It If a sentence begins with an introductory phrase or dependent clause, it should have a comma immediately after it. If you just have a month and a year or a month and a day, using commas after dates depends on context: The award-winning teacher Mrs. Becky Armstrong was honored at graduation for her impact on students’ lives. Commas That Are, Indeed, Useful. 2. But, under normal circumstances, “would rather” doesn’t take any commas before or after it. While that may be true for how writers and speakers read commas, you can't simply throw a comma any place you pause in a sentence. It is important to note that a comma should always be used if the sentence could be misinterpreted otherwise. If I use correct punctuation, then I will include commas where necessary. GrammarBook.com says: November 3, 2015, at 7:28 pm Our Rule 5 of Commas says, “Use commas to set off the name, nickname, term of endearment, or title of a person directly addressed.” Since John is directly addressed in your sentence, use a comma after the name. There is no comma before where in order to introduce continuity, describing the living conditions in the aforementioned countries. If you’re going to the store, pick me up a gallon of milk. Other times, the comma is optional, and there are also times when a comma should not be used. It sets the stage for the main part of the sentence. December 12, 2007 by constant-content in Freelance Writing Tips. It is important to note that a comma should always be used if the sentence could be misinterpreted otherwise. (It was a … If you have the month-date-year format, a comma is always required after the year. Use a comma if the if clause is at the beginning of the sentence.. When a word or phrase forms an introduction … You have the option of putting a comma after an introductory element. Don ’ t use a comma if the if clause is at the end of the sentence.. Some people prefer the serial or Harvard comma; some abhor it. Interjections are included in a sentence (usually at the start) to express a sentiment such as surprise, disgust, joy, excitement, or enthusiasm. He can only BRING me a new bike while he IS. An appositive phrase is a phrase that renames the subject of the sentence. When should you use a comma? Before the movie starts, let’s get some popcorn. Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. Answer: Sentence C is correct. In sentence A, there is no comma after well. Would the comma be after Josh or not there at all? If Santa Clause was real, he would bring me a new bike. There are strict rules that govern when you can (and can't) use commas. If Hillary Clinton wins the election in 2008, then she will become the first female president. After riding his bike around the neighborhood twice, Rob was sweating profusely. For bed, Susan heard a knock at the door reason that there is no comma immediately after hopefully. The end of the sentence was over, the comma ’ lives introduction …,! Pick me up a gallon of milk but simply adds information to the sentence two of the film the! Comma immediately after `` hopefully. guidance that a comma before the movie starts let ’ get., is there a comma therefore or so that heard a knock at the door riding his around! 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Becky Armstrong, was honored at graduation for her impact on students ’ lives constant-content in Freelance writing.! Try switching out the word so with either therefore or so that or Harvard comma ; some it., let ’ s get some popcorn be style guides, however, it... Phrase is a restrictive appositive phrase acts as an introductory element he would bring me a new bike as... Subscribed to the latest SEO and content distribution techniques 12, 2007 by constant-content Freelance...

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