What factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? Soon after Cortés first arrived in Mexico in 1519, a native woman named Malintzin (later baptized Marina) was one of 20 women given to Cortés and his men after they defeated the natives in Tobasco. After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. What enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? Furthermore, the Spanish believed it was their right and duty to conquer, subdue, and Christianize the Incas and anyone else they came upon. The first empire to fall would be the Aztecs in 1519 to Hernan Cortes and the Incas in 1533 to Francisco Pizarro.Cortes and Pizarro were able to use the same tactic to defeat both of the empires. Hernando Cortes’ idea was to defeat the Aztecs, and he was able to go through with defeating them for many different reasons. After a short period fighting against the Tabasco people, they exchanged gifts with the Spanish. What Enabled The Spanish To Defeat The Aztecs? Cortes was an outstanding military leader for all of this, but cruel at the same time. the truth of the matter is that the aztec thought the spanish were a bunch of morons, my favorite example is that the aztecs couldn't figure out what kind of idiot would wear a cooking pot on their head! In 1519, when the Spanish first made official contact with the Empire, the Aztecs ruled most of present-day Mexico either directly or indirectly. This question hasn't been answered yet Ask an expert. 1 2. Thirdly, another reason that enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs was surely their translators, Doña Marina -also known as ‘La Malinche’- and Geronimo de Aguilar. 1. Latest answer posted May 05, 2018 at 8:34:46 PM How did the Aztec king Moctezuma die? Aztec Empire. While certainly appropriate for battle with other tribes, the armor of the natives was ineffective in protecting them from more advanced weapons used in Spanish conquests. What enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? You might want to read more about the how the Spanish did this. The spread of diseases such as small pox reduced the Aztec population and furthered Cortes' success unintentionally Also Marina was a tribal girl given as a gift to Cortes, she proved invaluable in translating local dialects in combination with Geronimo de Aguilar. About one hundred years before, three powerful city-states in central Mexico — Tenochtitlan, Tlacopan and Tacuba — united to form the Triple Alliance , which soon rose to pre-eminence. The End The fall of the Aztec Empire was mostly caused by the ineffective leadership. Previous question Next question Transcribed Image Text from this Question. The Aztecs had no immunity to these sicknesses and died quickly. Spanish tactics of this period were an out- growth of their experiences in both the Reconquista and the Italian campaigns, and the whole trend of the late Middle Ages in reasserting the superiority of infantry formations over cavalry. I. Portrayals of the Aztecs often center on violence, including their practice of human sacrifice and their apocalyptic demise at the hands of Spanish conquistadors. By the late fif- enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? NEH Public Scholar Camilla Townsend sees these narratives as an oversimplification. Bad Omens During the reign of King Montezuma II, the Aztecs had seen several bad omens. It was because the Aztecs thought that they were gods so they would not harm them, the disease of smallpox was killing them, and they had better weapons like guns and steel swords. You could easily have googled this question. has to be done on time, history assignment. The Aztec outnumbered the Spanish, but that didn't stop Hernán Cortés from seizing Tenochtitlan, the Aztec capital, in 1521. Show transcribed image text. The Spanish launched an expedition against Puyumatlan; it was not successful in terms of conquest, but enabled the Spanish to seize more slaves to trade for weapons and horses. Short Answer 1. Why were the spanish able to defeat the great Aztec Empire despite their inferior numbers? 3 Educator answers. Other than that, it was a pure backstab/lie to the Aztec king by the Spanish conquistador that enabled him to defeat the Aztecs. PUBLISHED December 18, 2018. victory for the Spanish and defeat for the Aztecs. “The Aztecs,” she notes, “would never recognize themselves” in the brutal images spread by modern books and movies. How did African societies change as a result of increased contact with Europeans? What factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztec and Inca?-built an absorbatory-founded a school of navigation-financed research for mapmakers, shipbuilders, and expeditions. The Defeat of the Aztecs from . Expert Answer 100% (1 rating) Previous question Next question Get more help from Chegg. First came the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire in present-day Mexico, led by Hernán Cortés. 8 Minute Read. The Spanish recruited the enemies of the Aztecs and Incas to help destroy the two kingdoms. Discuss the accomplishment of Prince Henry the Navigator. The major elements that enabled the Spanish to defeat the Azteca were based on their military superiority, diseases, and beliefs. Basically, the scenario is about what would happen if the Aztec Triple Alliance/Mexica Empire manage to defeat the Spanish Empire in 1520-1521. By Bernat Hernández. The defeat of the Native Mexicans (or Aztecs) can be believed to have verified the Spanish that they had political and social superiority over all Indigenous Americans. The first Europeans that came into contact with the Aztecs were the Spanish in 1519. The Aztec military gained power in numbers by adding men supplied from allied and conquered states. The Aztecs; The Incas; Each would greet the Spanish Conquistadors and each would fall to them. The Spanish recruited the enemies of the Aztecs and Incas to help break the two kingdoms. What enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? There was very little fighting between the two civilizations, but what ultimately lead to the Aztec defeat was the diseases the Spanish brought over. Another main cause of the fall was the Aztec's brutality against other tribes, leading the tribes to rebel against the Aztecs. Aztec warrior societies clad themselves in jaguar skins or eagle feathers, and Incas wore padded armor and used shields and helmets made of wood or bronze. What enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztecs? Compare and contrast the French and the Dutch empires in America. How did the arrival of Europeans affect relations among Native Americans in and around the Hudson River Valley? The emperor, Montezuma was an ineffective leader, because he was gullible and welcomed Cortes easily. you ought to definitely have googled this question. However, the idea of superiority is subjective and the views of both parties involved about the colonisation of New Mexico will be noted. it fairly is beneficial to verify extra with regards to the how the Spanish did this. However, Cortés recognized an opportunity to weaken the Aztecs by allying with groups that the Aztecs oppressed. Expert Answer . Aztec Empire Spanish Conquest. With each victory Aztec rulers demanded tribute from defeated populations and took captives back to Tenochtitlán to be used as human sacrificial offerings. The Aztecs were a tribute empire and had many enemies that were not happy with them, when Cortes came along they jumped at the chance to get revenge on the Aztecs, Cortes only had about 300 guys at most the Aztecs had at least 100,000 … These Aztecs put the number of sacrificial victims at the time of the temple’s dedication at 4,000, a … One significant factor was disease. While the Spanish did have better technology like guns and steel armor, the deciding factor in conquering the Aztecs was that Cortes had allies. The Spanish brought smallpox and various other Old World diseases with them to which New World populations had little resistance. Furthermore, with the Spanish brought several diseases into Mexico in witch they were immune to but the Aztecs were not. That, and slavery among other things also contributed to the Spanish conquest of the Aztec people. different than that, it replaced right into a organic backstab/deceive the Aztec king by using the Spanish conquistador that enabled him to defeat the Aztecs. History >> Aztec, Maya, and Inca for Kids Between 1519 and 1521 the Spanish, under the leadership of conquistador Hernan Cortés, conquered the Aztec Empire. In 1533, the Incan capital of Cuzco fell to the Spaniards. Widespread plagues followed, weakening the empire. enlisted the help of various native groups, and European disease which the Aztecs had not developed a natural immunity. The conquest then continued south until Spain controlled all of Mexico, Central America, and South America (except Brazil and a few other small regions). 1500 1540 1580 1620 5 10 15 20 25 30 P opulation (in millions) Year Native Population of Central Mexico, 1500–1620 Source: The Population of Latin America: A History 1519: 25.3 million 1523: 16.8 million 1548: 6.3 million 1605: 1.0 million With such large numbers the Aztec were able to defeat their rivals, gaining new territory. Conquistadors by Margaret Duncan Coxhead. 2. The Spanish were helped by the Tlaxcala, a Mesoamerican civilisation rival of the Aztecs, and other native tribes which allied with them to defeat the Aztecs, especially in the siege of Tenochtitlan because the Spanish falsely promised them territories and a tax-free partnership in the post-conquest rule of Mexico. answer Superior weaponry. 3. Spanish missionaries sent to convert the Aztecs to Christianity learned the Nahuatl language spoken by the Aztecs. With the help of his new allies, Cortés defeated Montezuma's forces. THAT is a myth perpetuated by the spanish in order to make the natives look stupid. These priests and friars spoke to old Aztecs to learn their history. Cortés then turned on his allies. Within … In 1532, Spanish conquistadors under Francisco Pizarro first made contact with the mighty Inca Empire: it ruled parts of present-day Peru, Ecuador, Chile, Bolivia, and Colombia. Montezuma trusted Cortes easily, resulting to Cortes taking advantage. By 1521, he had destroyed the Aztec Empire. Where did the people who occupied North America in 1491 come from? Cortés’ men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtémoc, the Aztec emperor. it is horribly ethnocentric and ignorant.

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