what is japanese knitting
page. The word is a compound of the Japanese words 編み ami, meaning "crocheted or knitted", and 包み kurumi, literally "wrapping", as in 縫い包み nuigurumi "(sewn) stuffed doll". Arrows on the diagram indicate the direction of the knitting. Work even in patts as set until 70 rows (rows 1-28 twice, then rows 1-14 once more) have been worked after placing removable marker. Note: this corresponds to the first row on the Japanese charts, but it is not included on my revised chart. Slip the next stitch purlwise (Figure 2). English knitting, sometimes also called American knitting or throwing, is the most popular method in England, parts of Europe and elsewhere. For the neckline first the center 22 stitches are bound-off over 13,5 cm. PATTERN NOTES Loop has a fantastic selection of Japanese books covering knitting, crochet. The ribbing is worked over 4 cm (10 rows), this information is given on the left side of the graph: 4(10 段). $15.59 from Bookshop. by Following row [WS]: K to marker, work Chart A as set to next marker, k to end. Work Dec row followed by 1 even row 16 times. Recently ITO added the Japanese knitting magazine Keitodama to its product range as well as a small yet fine selection of Japanese knitting and crocheting books. For example, knit is a vertical line and purl is a horizontal line. 2 段平 tells us to knit straight for 2 rows. There are usually many active stitches on the knitting needle at one time. For circular knitting, it will usually be an oval. The ribbing is also partially charted on the left II-I- and on the right -I-I. For flat knitting, there will be a straight line with dots or arrows at the ends at the bottom of the piece. The arrow shows the direction for knitting, in this case the knitting direction is bottom up. WS: p 2, *k1, p1, repeat from *. Knitting is considered to have originated in the Arab world, ... (knitting with the yarn in the left hand vs. knitting with it in the right) are used in the U.S. and England, Japanese knitters usually prefer the continental style and Chinese knitters prefer the English style. See more ideas about knitting, knitting inspiration, knit crochet. Japanese Knitting Stitch Bible: 260 Exquisite Patterns by Hitomi Shida. The original Japanese version of Chart C, which I used as the border on my shawl, includes the bind-off. Japanese Lace Knitting ~ Knitting Free Japanese Lace Knitting stitches are absolutely beautiful, so delicate and intricate. I used a simpler symbol for my version of the chart, as we don't normally combine symbols in this fashion. Also look for the sts and rows symbols and the name of the pattern stitch used to work the gauge swatch. Remember to read the wrong-side chart rows from left to right. Number of stitches. The first two signs we know 段 for row and 目 for stitch, the third sign 回 means times and indicates how often the decrease is repeated. The abbreviation cm or c is usually not included. Just below the needle size the gauge for the pattern is given per 10 cm (4 inches). Cast on 49 sts, placing markers 4 sts in from each end. In this column we will go over the basics you'll need to get started and in the Naga Fuji shawl pattern, we will look at how to put all of this information together to knit from a relatively simple, but elegant, pattern. Tolkien. [Knitty's list of standard abbreviations and techniques can be found here.]. On the right of the armhole we see a (-9目) meaning to decrease 9 stiches in total. Fuji is the Japanese word for these plants, and Naga Fuji is a specific species that is large with long tendrils of flowers. ...with knitting or patterns? Japanese crochet patterns are so cute. The Japanese Method on a Knit Row. I almost always use long-tail, so that's what I used here. Basic Chart Symbols There are a lot of pictures to help you figure out what to do. Note that I added 2 sts to the left edge of this chart to center the pattern for the shawl. Chart A FINISHED MEASUREMENTS If you get a differnt gauge, try a smaller or bigger needle size. If the sides of a piece are drawn with dotted lines instead of solid lines, that is also an indication that a piece is knitted in the round. 2目ゴム編み 2 x 2 ribbing. Japanese knitting patterns are easy to understand without any knowledge of the Japanese language, because they are represented graphically. Inside the waistband the information 1目ゴム編み and 9 号針 reads: 1 x 1 ribbing with Japanese needle No.9 (4,8 mm). Many other countries typically use the continental style, such as Peru, Turkey, Bolivia, Greece, and Portugal. English Knitting . listed below -- every knitter's This is different than American and European charts, where the cast on is never counted as a row. Resizing info available here. Set Up Patterns of knitting a rectangular scarf in garter At first sight the numbers for the shaping may look irritating, yet they follow a simple rule. Lexique Anglais-Français des Termes de Tricot; Bagatell: Knitting in Norway. If you're making a sweater, be sure to take note if the number of stitches changes between the ribbing and the body. A blank square may represent any stitch so always check the bottom of the chart for an indication of whether blank squares stand for knits, purls, or something else. Knitting tips for colour knitting, buttonholes, sizing, step by step stitch tutorials, glossaries and more. The second row of the chart is worked between the markers as follows: Row 1 [WS]: K4, k4, (p3, k2) to 2 sts before marker, k2, slip marker, k4. More over special techniques are usually illustrated or photographed step by step. These specification are given above the graph. Knitting needles (棒針 - boubari) are specified in Japanese sizes from 1 号 bis 15 号, bigger sizes are described in mm. I didn't realise just how many of these things I had until we moved recently. A 3.75mm knitting needle is 10 in the UK, 3 in US size, and 4 in Japan. While it is common in the British Isles and North America, English knitting is practiced by knitters all over the world and is probably the most common. The shapes, styles and stitch patterns of Japanese knit garments have a style unique in their own right. Although you won't be able to read the text, all of the stitches are illustrated with detailed drawings showing how to manipulate the yarn and needles. Change to No.10 (5,1 mm) needle and work in stockinette st for 29,5 cm (=62 rows). Knit to the turning point and turn the work (Figure 1). US #7/4.5mm circular needle, at least 24" long In this section, you will reverse shaping of increase section, reading the instructions on the diagram from bottom to top, to match the direction of the knitting, as follows: Work 12 rows even. As you can see, many of the basic symbols are similar or identical in both styles. Other stitch patterns are usually charted. Only cm (m or mm) is used as measurement.Using another measurements(including inch, yard) are against the law in Japan. May 20, 2017 - Explore Alpachamama's board "Japanese knitting", followed by 338 people on Pinterest. Then dec 1 st each side every 2nd row 1 time, then dec 1 st each side every 4th row 1 time and then dec 1 st each side every 6th row 1 time. Your gauge has to match the gauge of the pattern. yarn needle, 22 sts/24.5 rows = 4 inches over garter stitch, blocked (note the garter stitch is stretched to match the row gauge of the lace) In this case, I chose a circular needle because the border is knitted across the entire width of the shawl. Recommended needle size 9 stitches in total are decreased. Setup row [WS]: K3, [p3, k3] to end. If you really want to learn more, you can find a large Japanese-English knitting dictionary here. MATERIALS Work Inc row followed by 3 even rows 38 times. The faux cable Chart A combines the symbols for passing a stitch over (stretched out over 3 squares in the chart) with the symbols for knit, yarn over, and knit. We are talking symbols, not actual patterns, and I think this is beacause Japanese knitting books don't give text-only instructions like some western books do, so more symbols are needed to avoid lengthy descriptions. Work until armhole measures 18 cm (= 38 rows). Japanese yarn company with hundreds of free knitting, crochet, and weaving patterns. ガーター編み garter stitch. As the pattern refers to a photograph of the knitted model (which is not shown here), it is not necessary to know the descriptions for stockinette stitch or garter stitch by heart as you can usually see the pattern on the photograph. Here are the last two Kanji we learned: Once the basic elements and principles are understood, it is no problem to follow any Japanese knitting or crocheting pattern. In this case, the equivalent is close enough because a Japanese size 6 needle is 3.9mm, size 7 is 4.2mm and size 8 is 4.5mm. Sometimes, when increases or decreases are worked in a pattern stitch, the shaping is charted and indicates the specific type of increase to work. Translated and introduced by veteran knitting instructor Gayle Roehm, the best-known teacher of Japanese knitting in America. This section is worked with garter stitch on the edges and Chart A between markers. Notice the first 2 rows of the chart are not numbered. The pattern in written form reads like this: With No.9 (4,8 mm) needle CO 74 sts and work in ribbing for 4 cm (=10 rows). and texture that is found in collections Repeat the last 2 rows 15 more times. But to learn to read the patterns, it's best to start with a simple design. Finer details to create a garment that is mesmerizing! dangerous business, Frodo, going out your Miss Babs Northumbria Fingering [100% Bluefaced Leicester wool; 437 yd/100m per 3.5 oz/100g skein]; Hanashobu; 2 skeins 回 – kai represents times or repeat Basic symbols in Japanese charts are sometimes combined to form more complex symbols. Notes. 2-1-1: every second row decrease one stitich one time. The notation with the equals sign tells you which symbol is being “blanked out”. Some are the same as symbols you'll be familiar with already, while others are different. On the left side of the chart it is indicated to work for 29,5 cm corresponding to 62 rows before starting the armhole shaping: 29,5(62 段). 1目ゴム編み 1 x 1 ribbing The ITO retail partners will gladly advise and help with choosing a yarn to get the gauge. An excellent resource is the book Clear & Simple Knitting Symbols. I used knit front & back to add stitches) because it does not show in garter stitch. US #6/4mm circular needle, at least 24" long Additionally, most Japanese patterns are only … This is a lot more than we are used to seeing in English knitting books. 3. Adding a color, button and buttonhole bands, or edgings and borders will also be shown in a schematic. Our example shows a pattern for the back part of a shirt knit in stockinette stitch with a 1 x 1 ribbing border. If there are two numbers and one indicates the number of stitches or rows, the other will be the width or length in centimeters. Weave in ends. BO rem 15 sts (or put on hold). The attraction to Japanese knitting is a mix of enjoying the challenge of creating beautiful garments, working intriguing knitting stitches and techniques, and learning how to decipher schematics with Japanese symbols. Increase Section Find more Japanese words at wordhippo.com! The number of stitches and the width of the piece is listed at the bottom -- or above the ribbing on a sweater pattern if the ribbing or edging is worked down from a provisional cast on. 1 stitch in each garter ridge) along the lace side of the shawl, as shown on the schematic. One They are the cast-on row and the setup row. has been kept alive over the years by the Note: The type of increase to use is left to the discretion of the knitter in this case. If the chart shows the entire knitted piece, the first row is the cast on row and it is generally shown as all knit stitches. Center Section As the shaping is done on both sides the neckline is worked over 16 cm (26 stitches) total and 15 shoulder stitches remain each side. Charts usually include an A, B, C designation in addition to the Japanese title, making it easier for English-speaking readers to identify. Incredible for inspiration and everything is charted. Charts Paperback. Reading the Schematic 22 段, are 22 rows. Shaping. In Japan, there is a national standard requiring that all knitting books use the same chart symbols! The needle size is located at the top of a pattern. 10 (5,1 mm) and continue in stockinette stitch. In addition, the "pass the 3rd stitch over, k1, yo, k1" symbol does not exist in American patterns, so I substituted a general symbol that was available in my charting software. This is due to the fact that the representation of knitting patterns is standardized in the Japanese Industrial Standard (Nippon Kogyo Kikaku). Japanese Charted Patterns; Japanese Charted Patterns 2; FiberLink. With RS facing, pick up and knit 96 sts to first removable marker, 39 sts between markers, and 96 sts to end sts (approx. Direction of Knitting. RS: *k1, p1, repeat from * until last two sts, k 2. Knitted lace incorporates two simple knitting techniques: a yarn over (an increase that makes a small hole) and a decrease. In Japan, there is a national standard requiring that all knitting books use the same chart symbols! The I represents a knit stitch and the - represents a purl stitch, meaning that on the right side of the fabric you start with k1, p1, k1, p1 and you end the row with p1, k1, p1, k2. Pattern & images © 2014 Donna Druchunas. "It's a Here is how to read Japanese crochet and knitting patterns without having to learn a new language. Pattern stitches. It’s a collection of 23 knitting patterns which have been translated into English. Visit the Coffeeshop! Every single non-Japanese person I have met who has traveled to Japan, knitters and non-knitters alike, has told me that Japan is a must-see. Note: The blank squares on the Japanese chart represent the purl symbol, which means purl on right-side rows and knit on wrong-side rows. Although I love the smooth, quiet repetition stitch using a luxurious yarn, it is the You step onto the road, and if you Measurements are marked in centimeters as well as in rows and stitches. Some shaping that is repeated on the another part of the garment -- usually the armhole and/or shoulder shaping on a sweater -- is only marked on one part of the schematic. The work of renowned Japanese knitting designer michiyo is often showcased on knitting and crochet websites across the globe. translated from the Japanese book: Knitted Patterns Book 260 棒針の模様編み集260. If you see a „x/0“, it will be a crochet hook. Japanese knitting books are my obsession. Contact. gauge is unique] 231 sts total. © 2018 ITO Yarn & Design GmbH | Imprint, Understanding Japanese Knitting Patterns I Basics.pdf. For the most part, the sizes are roughly the same in the U.S. and Japan; however, things get a little hairy when you factor in the sizing system used in the U.K. as well as the more universal metric sizes. Place removable marker at beginning of next row (WS). [always use a needle This is indicated in the middle of the illustration: 10 号針 und (メリヤス編み). ENGLISH-LANGUAGE PATTERNS: Please see Pierrot Yarns English for the available patterns. The outlines on the main piece of the garment will be fine lines and the outlines of the finishing portions, to be worked after the rest of the knitting is complete, will be outlined in bold. almost infinite variety of color, pattern, Place removable marker at beginning of next row (WS). A whole new world of fashionable Tokyo-style knitwear designs opens to experienced needle crafters in Japanese Knitting: Patterns for Sweaters, Scarves and More. Continue working patterns as set and at the same time begin increasing before first marker in the garter stitch section on RS rows as follows, reading the instructions on the diagram from bottom to top, to match the direction of the knitting. Notions 1. Row 2 [RS]: K4, work Chart A to marker, k4. This is the first Japanese needlework book to be translated into English. It is necessary to knit a gauge swatch and to wash it. Once the basic elements and principles are understood, it is no problem to follow any Japanese knitting or crocheting pattern. Named for Giant Wisteria trees at the Ashikaga Flower Park in Japan, this shawl is worked with a main pattern and a border from different sweater patterns that I found in my collection of Japanese knitting books. Work 3 rows even. 目 – me represents stitch. more than a way to keep my hands busy while For example, if a piece is getting wider and there are numbers on the edge, those numbers are (obviously I hope) telling you how to increase rather than decrease. 1 to 9 of 9. ITO knitting and crocheting needles in Japanese sizes will be available starting autumn of 2016! "crocheted or knitted stuffed toy") is the Japanese art of knitting or crocheting small, stuffed yarn creatures. 2. Donna Druchunas, My interest in knitting --from The Lord of The Rings by J.R.R. Shape armhole: BO 2 sts at the beginning of the next two rows, then BO two stitches each side every 2nd row 2 times. The Japanese version of Chart A for the shawl uses a blank square to represent the purl symbol (purl on right-side rows, knit on wrong-side rows). There are several types of twisted and crossed stitches with illustrated instructions – including single stitch knit through the back loop; left and right crosses with knit stitches; left and right crosses with a knit and a purl stitch; left and right crosses with knit through the back loop; plus the purl stitch variations. Work 10 rows even (until 7 repeats of charted pattern have been worked)—197 rows total, including setup row after cast on. For example: 18 目∙22 段 (18 stitches x 22 rows). The book covers 120 knitting symbols. of knitters and museums around the world. That there are things that you will see in Japan that you simply cannot see anywhere else. Besides the symbols, a few other Japanese charting conventions my seem unfamiliar: In this pattern, I have included both the Japanese style charts as well as charts in the standard Knitty style for you to compare. Repeat the last 4 rows 37 more times 20 sts rem in garter stitch section. BO center 22 sts and work sides separately. Crochet hooks (かぎ針 – kagibari) are specified from 2/0 号 through 10/0 号. by Hitomi Shida. Dec row [RS]: Knit to last 2 sts before marker, k2tog, work Chart A as set to next marker, k4. Czech-English, Zkratky v Anglictine; Clearwater Knits. All specifications in the patterns are given in cm, stitches and rows. The bind off is not usually shown on the chart unless only part of the row is bound off or a special technique is being used. Then the neckline is shaped by decreasing 2-2-1, meaning on the second row two stitches sts are decreased once. 段 – dan represents row. 21 ins at center, blocked, excluding border. If you are adding or removing 2 or more stitches at a time, cast on or bind off. Decrease Section An excellent resource is the book, [Knitty's list of standard abbreviations and techniques can be found. These are the three most important Japanese signs (Kanji) to know: 号 – gou represents number and indicates the needle size The shaping instructions are always in this order, which is easy to memorize because it is alphabetical in English: If the direction of knitting is going from bottom to top, follow the instructions from bottom to top as well. no knowing where you might be swept off Keep this post bookmarked for whenever you need a handy reference, or feel free to download the image to keep … 12mm knitting needles are 17 in US size and have no direct equivalent in the UK or Japan size. Border Knit circular or flat? Pierrot Yarns discontinued its translation program effective April 1, 2020. Below the decrease instruction we see again three Kanji signs: 段目回. Further the patterns reads: change to needle No. Amigurumi vary in size and there are no restrictions about size or look. It is common for Japanese knitting patterns to list the placement and amount of decreases, but not whether they're left or right leaning decreases. 18 目, are 18 stitches. For bands, the pick up row may be indicated on the chart in the same fashion. It seems that this statement also applies to knitting. Many of the Japanese symbols are similar or identical to those used by various publishers in English language patterns. Shape neckline: BO 2 sts every 2nd row 1 time. SIZE When it comes to measuring the size of knitting needles, there are four main systems of measuring -- metric sizes, U.S. sizes, U.K. sizes (also used in Canada), and Japanese sizes. Amigurumi (編みぐるみ, lit. Unusual symbols will often be defined, with pictures illustrating the knitting technique, but it will be assumed that the reader understands basic chart symbols. Other Names: American, French (in Japan) What Is English Knitting? It involves holding the yarn in your right hand and "throwing" it over the needle to form the stitch. 58 sts in first garter stitch section; 103 sts total. Note: Look in the middle of the schematic and at the border portion, noting that both sections use the same size needle, but the border switches to the larger needle after 6 rows have been worked. The magazine and the books are available through our retail partners. Ribbing patterns are written in Japanese like this: The first decrease is 1-2-1: every row decrease two stitches one time. Affiliate link: we donate our 10% commission to Lambda Literary. 2-2-2: every second decrease two stitches two times. Reading and Understanding a Graphic Knitting Pattern. Many Japanese sweater patterns begin with a provisional cast on, and the ribbing, or a few rows of edging, are worked down from the live stitches after the body is complete. Let's go through the project and compare the written instructions to the Japanese-style schematic. Place a removable stitch marker on the working yarn at the front of the work (Figure 3). Width: 9 ins at CO and BO ends, blocked, excluding border. Chart C (Border) In Japan, there is a national standard requiring that all knitting books use the same chart symbols! In Japan, knitting needles use different standard metric sizes, starting at 2.1 mm and going up to 25 mm. The shawl is knit from side to side in one piece with a border added by picking up stitches along one of the long sides of the shawl and knitting outward. size that gives you the gauge Here are several you may find helpful, although the only ones that are crucial for you to recognize are the symbols for rows, stitches, and times. OK! Notes. It helps to be familiar with the basic shapes of knitted garment pieces, so you can recognize what pieces the drawings represent without having to read the symbols. stitch dictionaries and patterns. Click here and print the resulting But I admit it's a good problem to … Wash and pin to dimensions to block. English knitting is a knitting style that involves holding the yarn in the dominant hand, alongside the working needle.
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