The Court has categorically reiterated its prior stand that those considered part of the "Creamy layer" should be excluded by government-funded institutions and by private institutions from the scope of the reservation policy. But then, the so-called OBC consciousness didn’t result in their becoming a cohesive political force. [citation needed], Below is the distribution of population of each religion by caste categories, obtained from merged sample of Schedule 1 and Schedule 10 of available data from the National Sample Survey Organisation 55th (1999–2000) and National Sample Survey Organisation 61st Rounds (2004–05) Round Survey.[9]. Entry No Caste/ Community Resolution No. This is good for the BJP in consolidating all the Hindus of this country. Born as the third child (out of six) to Damodardas Mulchand (father) and Heeraben Modi (mother), Narendra Damodardas Modi is considered one of the most successful self-made leaders in the world as he has no political background in his family. The BJP encroached the social turfs of Mayawati and Mulayam and shrank the Congress to two Lok Sabha constituencies in UP. by Harsha Bhat - Dec 8, 2020 11:57 AM. “If you look at the leadership of communist parties in Bihar and UP, all were from ‘upper’ castes. All private sector undertakings which have received financial assistance from the government in one form or other should also be obliged to recruit personnel on the aforesaid basis. The above reservation should also be made applicable to promotion quota at all levels. [13][14][15] Mandal Commission developed 11 indicators or criteria to identify OBCs, of which four were economic. Bhargav Dakaut or Joshi Brahmins in the states of Rajasthan, Maharashtra Brahmins in the state of Kerala. [37], On 29 March 2007, the Supreme Court of India, as an interim measure, stayed the law providing for 27 percent reservation for Other Backward Classes in educational institutions like IITs and IIMs. Members of the Gorkhali Sudhar Sabha felicitated Mussoorie MLA Ganesh Joshi at a function held at the sabha auditorium in Gadi Cantt for working tirelessly in getting Brahmin … OBC Lodh Rajputs had also thrown in their lot with the BJP, thanks to Kalyan Singh, a Lodh Rajput who had returned to the party. Other Backward Class (OBC) is a collective term used by the Government of India to classify castes which are educationally or socially disadvantaged. The fact that now there was a group, large in size, which could be electorally mobilised led to an increasing emphasis on the concept of identity in party platforms. 03 Jul, 2014. No party that fails to appeal to OBC voters can hope for an edge over others, he emphasises. Interestingly, until the Mandal movement, Chaudhary Charan Singh and Karpoori Thakur were two notable OBC leaders from the Hindi heartland who got national recognition, but they drew strength as leaders of farmers, not as OBCs. There are no Dalits and there is just one Tribal. OBC sub-categorisation have already been implemented at State level by 11 states : West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Jharkhand, Bihar, Jammu and kashmir region and Haryana, and the union territory of Puducherry. This is where Modi, who never shied away from talking about his social identity, comes in and brings the whole lot of Hindus under one umbrella.”. Their purpose in the society is to fight as warriors during war and govern in time of peace. Devji says that in politics at least, OBCs have become the most powerful caste in India. The caste of four individuals could not be identified. The protected groups, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, are represented by only 3 board members of the total 34,772 directors. Constructing privileged dominant-caste and Brahmin women as “worse victims” is similar to Betty Freidan’s construction of white American middle-class women as … This must be done within six months, as the right to free and compulsory education is perhaps the most important of all the fundamental rights (Art.21 A). Preferably there should be a review after ten years to take note of the change of circumstances. [46], The Kerala government grants OBC reservation benefits to Latin Catholics, Anglo Indians and Nadar Christians included in South India United Church (SIUC). Reservation of vacancies in all government services and local bodies for other backward classes. They were traditionally occupied as barbers, although some have adopted the name Sharma that was historically the preserve of Brahmins.. Distribution. These include: Andhra Pradesh Professor Ajantha Subramanian, Professor of Anthropology and South Asian Studies at Harvard University, has dwelt at length on this ‘upper-caste’ response to assertion by ‘backwards’. [4], In the Indian Constitution, OBCs are described as "socially and educationally backward classes", and the Government of India is enjoined to ensure their social and educational development — for example, the OBCs are entitled to 27% reservations in public sector employment and higher education. 27 per cent. Rajesh Ramachandran of Frankfurt-based Goethe University has closely studied India’s caste dynamics and its political impact. In a striking contrast to casteist parties such as the Mulayam Singh Yadav-led Samajwadi Party (SP) and Lalu Prasad-led Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD), Modi’s social identity doesn’t translate into caste politics, but endears the BJP to Hindu OBCs who account for more than 40 per cent of India’s population. The result: OBCs got divided along so-called secular and communal lines. A group that was very heterogeneous—from powerful landed castes to poor labourers—suddenly developed salience as a category in response to the hostility shown by ‘upper’ caste members in the face of the potential extension of affirmative action to these groups.” He adds, “You could also imagine this strong bonding arising as a kind of ‘loss aversion’ effect—being promised something and then having it taken away (reservation here) results in much stronger aversion and hence coordinated action than if there had never been this possibility.”. Assam’s first Chief Minister was GN Bordoloi, a Brahmin. The CPM Politburo of 1964, the year it was formed, comprised only upper-class Hindu leaders—with Harkishan Singh Surjeet, a Sikh, the only exception. “Now this ‘social acquiescence’ is extending to the Centre as well with Modi emerging as the undoubted leader of the BJP,” says a Bhopal-based senior BJP leader from a ‘backward’ class community. Hence, they’ve been left out of this analysis. - The Times of India". Thunders Laxmikant Bajpai, the BJP’s Uttar Pradesh state president: “In fact, Manmohan Singh, the political oddball, was a Prime Minister selected and not elected. [35][36] In August 2017, NDA government announced the creamy layer ceiling in the OBC category from getting reservation in jobs, has been raised from Rs 6 lakh a year to Rs 8 lakh. Relaxation in the upper age limit for direct recruitment should be extended to the candidates of OBC in the same manner as done in the case of. An intensive time-bound programme for adult education should be launched in selected pockets with high concentration of OBC population. org, June 2006: Are Brahmins the Dalits of today? 67.1% Brahmin-Savarna, 17.9% SC and 25% OBC writers wrote on caste issues in the Caravan. Oxford University’s Devji hastens to add that there is a flip side to this phenomenon: “The OBCs can also be the most ‘reactionary’ caste, especially as far as Dalits and other groups are concerned.” He also notes that the most interesting thing is what happens to the old merchant castes and Brahmins. Table of Contents [ hide] 1 Cricket Players Caste with Religion Only these three communities had a pan-India presence, and with the overwhelming support of these communities and some support from state-level communities on local issues, the party looked invincible. So OBC category is not a criteria of judging social standing of any community. In the heartland states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, OBCs, who hold the key to government formation, had been backing regional outfits since the late 1980s, an era that saw the rise of the Janata Dal and later various other non-Congress, non-BJP parties as breakaway entities. Sign up to receive interesting long form stories of Politics, She has called these efforts a transformation of privilege into merit, or the conversion of caste capital into modern capital. For without education, it becomes extremely difficult to exercise other fundamental rights. # Giri / Goswami Brahmins are in OBC in Bihar. Among ministers of state without independent charge, of the 12, Tribals and OBCs have four each, while there are only three ‘upper-caste’ representatives “But the OBC writ simply runs. Aheri or Ahori Heri Naik Thori Turi 12011/68/93-BCC(C) dt.10/09/1993 2. Bata, Hensi or Hesi 12011/68/93-BCC(C) dt 10/09/1993 6. hatriya, second highest in ritual status of the four varnas, or social classes, of Hindu India, traditionally the military or ruling class. It is unkown whether there is lack of talent in the Dalit and other lower caste groups. Vaishnav Brahmins (Swami, Bairagi, Nayak, Raina, Bawa,) in the northern states of India. [28][29] 1992 Indra Sawhney v Union of India judgment laid down the limits of the state's powers: it upheld the ceiling of 50 per cent quotas, emphasized the concept of "social backwardness", and prescribed 11 indicators to ascertain backwardness. States which have already introduced reservation for OBC exceeding 27 per cent will not be affected by this recommendation. [7] The Backward Classes Division of the Ministry looks after the policy, planning and implementation of programmes relating to social and economic empowerment of OBCs, and matters relating to two institutions set up for the welfare of OBCs, the National Backward Classes Finance and Development Corporation and the National Commission for Backward Classes. 5 of 2007), the Central Government must take an appropriate decision on the basis of materials placed and on examining the concerned issues as to whether Institution deserves to be included in the Schedule of the said act as provided in Sec 4 of the said act. With this general recommendation the commission proposed the following overall scheme of reservation for OBC: These recommendations in total are applicable to all recruitment to public sector undertakings, both under the central and state governments as well as to nationalised banks. 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